The Ghana flag was designed to replace the flag of the United Kingdom upon attainment of independence in 1957. It was flown until 1959, and then reinstated in 1966. It consists of the Pan-African colours of red, yellow, and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the centre of the gold stripe. The Ghanaian flag was the first African flag after the flag of Ethiopia to feature these colours.
The black star was adopted from the flag of the Black Star Line, a shipping line incorporated by Marcus Garvey that operated from 1919 to 1922, and gives the Ghana national football team their nickname, the Black Stars.
Red represents the blood of those who died in the country's struggle for independence
Gold represents the mineral wealth of the country
Green symbolizes the country's rich forests and natural wealth
Black Star Symbol of African unity and emancipation
The Meaning of the Flag
I decided on the three colors of red, gold & green because of the geography of Ghana. Ghana lies in the tropics and blessed with rich vegetation. The color Gold was influenced by the mineral rich nature of our lands and Red commemorates those who died or worked for the country's independence. Then the five pointed lone star which is the symbol of African emancipation and unity in the struggle against colonialism.
Designer: Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh
The Ghana Coat of Arms is an important emblem found on all government official letter heads. The Coat of arms was designed by Mr. Amon Kotei, a Ghanaian.
The Ghana Coat of Arms is composed of a shield, divided into four quarters by a green St. George's Cross, rimmed with gold.
The following are the symbols in the quarters and their interpretation.
Crossed linguist staff and ceremonial sword on a blue background Position: Top left-hand quarter. Represents local administration
A heraldic castle on a heraldic seanwith a light blue background Position: Top right-hand. Represents National Government
A Cocoa Tree Position: Bottom left-hand quarter. Represents the Agricultural wealth of the country
A mine Shaft Position: Bottom right hand quarter. Represents the mineral wealth of the country.
National Anthem Video
God bless our homeland Ghana
And make our nation great and strong,
Bold to defend forever
The cause of Freedom and of Right;
Fill our hearts with true humility,
Make us cherish fearless honesty,
And help us to resist oppressors' rule
With all our will and might for evermore.
Hail to thy name, O Ghana,
To thee we make our solemn vow:
Steadfast to build together
A nation strong in Unity;
With our gifts of mind and strength of arm,
Whether night or day, in the midst of storm,
In every need, whate'er the call may be,
To serve thee, Ghana, now and evermore.
Raise high the flag of Ghana
and one with Africa advance;
Black star of hope and honour
To all who thirst for liberty;
Where the banner of Ghana freely flies,
May the way to freedom truly lie;
Arise, arise, O sons of Ghana land,
And under God march on for evermore!
Composer: Mr. Philip Comi Gbeho
I promise on my honor
to be faithful and loyal to Ghana my motherland.
I pledge myself to the service of Ghana
with all my strength and with all my heart.
I promise to hold in high esteem our heritage,
won for us through the blood and toil of our fathers;
and I pledge myself in all things
to uphold and defend the good name of Ghana.
So help me God.