Ghana is a West African country, bounded on the north by Burkina Faso, on the east by Togo, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west by Côte d'Ivoire. The country is named after the ancient empire of Ghana, from which the ancestors of the inhabitants of the present country are thought to have migrated. Accra is Ghana’s capital city.
Formerly a British colony known as the Gold Coast, Ghana was led to independence by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah on the 6th of March, 1957 and became the first black nation in sub-Saharan Africa to achieve independence from colonial rule. Currently, the country is a multi-party democracy, led by His Excellency President John Dramani Mahama under the banner of the National Democratic Congress.
Ghana is endowed with abundant natural wealth including vast agricultural, mining and human resources. Along with a growing manufacturing sector, agriculture remains a key sector of the economy. Ghana’s main exports are cocoa, gold, timber and petroleum.
Language & Religion
English is the official language of Ghana and is used universally in government, business and schools. Local languages, mainly Akan, Ga, Ewe, Nzema, Dagbani and Hausa are widely spoken.
About 43% of Ghanaians are Christian, 15% Muslim and the rest practice Traditional African religions.
According to the recent census of 2011, the estimated population of Ghana is 25,000 000 (females-51%, males 49), giving the country an overall population density of 78 persons per square kilometre. The most densely populated parts of the country are the coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi.
Ghana is divided into ten administrative regions. Below is a list of the regions and their capitals:
- Ashanti – Kumasi
- Brong-Ahafo – Sunyani
- Central – Cape Coast
- Eastern – Koforidua
- Greater Accra – Accra
- Northern – Tamale
- Upper East – Bolgatanga
- Upper West – Wa
- Volta – Ho
- Western – Takoradi